There are four tribal communities in the Northland, all established by the La Pointe Treaty of 1854.
The Fond du Lac Indian Reservation in Carlton and St. Louis Counties has 4,200 members.
Bois Forte membership is over 3,000 and is split between three tribal areas across the northern part of the region, including the Nett Lake and Tower areas.
In the northeast tip of Minnesota, Grand Portage is on the site of one of the earliest Ojibwa settlements in the state. Its membership is the smallest of the four tribal communities, with over 500 members.
The Leech Lake Tribe has more than 9,500 members in its reservation, which includes part of Itasca County and three counties to the west.
The culture and traditions are evident in all tribal communities. Tribal leaders have carefully reinvested in their communities, and today, all four host resorts and casinos, and two have 18-hole golf courses. This has enabled each of the bands to develop, improve, and expand infrastructure within their reservations. Each tribe is committed to strengthening the region’s economy and increasing Band employment.